An Integrated Circuits (ICs) is a miniature electronic device or component. A certain process is used to interconnect the transistors, resistors, capacitors, inductors, and other components required in a circuit to form a small or a few small pieces of semiconductor wafer or dielectric substrate and package them in a single package. It becomes a micro structure with the required circuit functions; all of these components have been structurally integrated, making electronic components a big step towards miniaturization, low power consumption, intelligence, and high reliability. It is represented by the letter "IC" in the circuit. The inventors of the integrated circuit are Jack Kilby (Ge-based integrated circuits) and Robert Neuss (Si (Si)-based integrated circuits). Most of today's semiconductor industry applications are silicon-based integrated circuits.
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